Dorothy Gwendolen Cawood

Dorothy Gwendolen Cawood was born on December 9, 1884 in Parramatta.[1] She was the seventh child of carpenter, John Cawood and his English-born wife, Sarah Travis Garnett (nee).[2] She commenced her nursing training in 1909 and subsequently registered with the Australasian Trained Nurses’ Association on 14 May 1913.[3]

On November 14, 1914, enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force and subsequently embarked. On July 22, 1917 whilst part of 2 Australian Casualty Clearing Station at Armentieres, Dorothy, along with sisters Clare Decon and Alice Ross-King, evacuated patients from burning buildings during a bomb attack. All three sisters were awarded Military Medals for their valiant rescue.[4] When stationed at the 6th Australian General Hospital, Dorothy was mentioned in dispatches for “distinguished and gallant service in the field”.[5] [6] Not long after, Sister Cawood was transferred to the 38th Stationary Hospital, Genoa, Italy. She was hospitalised with tonsillitis for a few months in 1918 but her service in Genoa lasted until January 1919.[7] After that, she was transferred to England where she was attached to the 3rd and 2nd Australian Auxiliary Hospitals at Dartford.[8]

Sister Cawood returned to Sydney in May 1919 and successively joined the nursing staff at Liverpool State Hospital. In 1928 became matron at the David Berry Hospital, Berry; she kept the position until her retirement in 1943. In 1944, she moved back to her old home in Parramatta and died on 16 February 1962.[9]

Dorothy was awarded with a ‘Military Medal.’

[1] Abbot, Jacqueline, Cawood, Dorothy Gwendolen (1884-1962), Australian Dictionary of Biography- Australian National University, 1979, <; , viewed 15 January 2014.

[2] Ibid.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Ibid

[5] AWM, Honours and Awards- Dorothy Gwendolen Cawood, Australian War Memorial Canberra, 2013, <; viewed 8 January 2014.

[6]Australian War Memorial, People profiles: Sister Dorothy Gwendolen Cawood MM, AWM Canberra, 2013, < >, viewed 22 January, 2014.

[7] Ibid.

[8] Ibid.

[9] Abbot, Jacqueline, Cawood, Dorothy Gwendolen (1884-1962), Australian Dictionary of Biography- Australian National University, 1979, <; , viewed 15 January 2014.

Herbert Norman Kelly

Herbert Norman Kelly was born on 1 October 1893 at Jaspers Brush, NSW to John and Mary Ann (nee Tierney). He was a horse breaker prior to the war.

His experience with horses fuelled his eagerness to enlist.


Herbert ultimately joined the 12th Light Horse unit as a trooper at the exact age of 21 and 11 months.

The photo below was taken in Sydney, 1911.

Herbert Kelly. Standing on the left.

Herbert Kelly. Standing on the left.

During his service (6 November 1917), Herbert was charged during training for assaulting a civilian and subsequently served two months in gaol: Darlinghurst Detention Barracks.

He died on 15 November, 1917 at the George River, Liverpool due to accidental drowning.  He was 22 years of age. He is buried at Rookwood Necropolis in Sydney and is commemorated at panel 8 at the Australian War Memorial.[1]



[1] AWM, Embarkation Rolls – Herbert Norman Kelly, Australian War Memorial Canberra, 2013, <;  viewed 18 December 2013.